The park, which has the Caribbean Sea as its northern boundary, is mainly within Aragua State, with a small portion in Carabobo State, making it the largest protected area of the Coastal Mountain Range (MARNR 1992a).
From its maximum elevation (2,436 meters above sea level (masl)) down to sea level on the coast, the cloud forest progressively gives way to the deciduous and semi-deciduous forest, savanna vegetation, and along the coastline, to thistles and thorn bushes (Luy and Morales n/d). The forest canopy reaches heights of over 50 meters, the tree known as “niño” or “cucharón” (Gyranthera caribensis) being its most representative species, while palms and mangroves can be seen in the coastal region.
One of the more important geographic characteristics is the existence of a gap in the mountain chain at 1,136 masl known as Paso de Portachuelo (Portacheulo Pass). This corridor allows birds, bats and insect species to fly through, many of which migrate from the Northern Hemisphere.
The temperature and precipitation also vary considerably: from an average annual temperature of 6 °C and 4,000 mm of precipitation per year in the higher zones, to 28 °C and 690 mm per year on the coast line (MARNR 1992a). There is a dry season from December to March and a rainy season from April to November.
See Map (Source: Zambrano and col. 2004)